The process of money creation is complex and influenced by different factors. Here are some of the main sources where money can come from:
- Central bank money printing: central banks have the ability to create money by printing new banknotes and coins. The purpose of central banks is to control the money supply in the economy and keep prices stable.
- Bank loans: Banks can borrow money and then issue loans. Banks can lend money and can then issue loans. The borrower receives the loan but then has to repay the loan with interest.
- Bonds issued by the government: the government can sell bonds for which investors pay money. Bondholders can sell bonds to the government, which can then pay them money. Bondholders earn income in the form of interest.
- Investments: people can earn money by investing in a variety of assets such as shares, bonds, real estate, etc. Investors can invest in different types of assets (e.g. stocks, bonds, shares, bonds, etc.). If the value of an asset increases, the investor can sell it at a higher price and make a profit.
- Balance of payments surplus: When a country's exports of goods and services exceed its imports, a balance of payments surplus can occur, which can turn into a cash surplus.
In a nutshell, money can come from a variety of sources, including central banks, banks, governments, investors and trading. The creation of money depends on the state of the economy, monetary policy, investor decisions and other factors.